Zakho (Kurdish: Zaxo) is a district and a town in Iraqi Kurdistan located a few kilometers from the Iraqi-Turkish border in the Dohuk Governorate.

The city with 350,000 inhabitants is in the autonomous Kurdistan Region.

It may have originally begun on a small island in the Little Khabur which flows through the city.

The Khabur River flows west of Zakho to form the border between Iraq and Turkey and flows into the Tigris.

The most important rivers in the district of Zakho are the Zeriza river, the Seerkotik river and the Little Khabur river.

In July, 2010 Zaxo became the seat of the University of Zakho. The university is one of the 11 public universities the Kurdistan Region has

Recent history :
Zakho has served as a checkpoint for many decades.

It is a major marketplace with its goods and merchandise serving the Kurdish controlled area and most of north and middle Iraq. Writing in 1818, Campanile described the town as a great trading centre, famous for its gallnuts as well as rice, oil, sesame, wax, lentils and many fruits.

Due to its strategic location and the abundance of job opportunities, Zakho has attracted many workers and job seekers from different parts of Iraq and even from Syria and Turkey.

Trade with Turkey is now the major element of the economy. Oil drilling began in 2005

The 2011 Dohuk riots which targeted Assyrian Christian-owned businesses were sparked by Muslim clerics in the town.



Landmarks :
Delal Bridge :
One of Zakho's famous landmarks is the Delal Bridge.
It is made with large stones which adds to the aesthetic value of the bridge and makes it a source of many theories as to how it was built.


Zakho castle :
lies in the city centre on the western bank of Khabir river.
It served as the governor's house in the reign of the Badinan Emirate and was extended by prince Ali Khan.
It was built on the ruins of an older castle. Today, only the tower remains.

Qubad Pasha castle, in Zakho cemetery, is hexagonal, with six windows and an entrance gate.